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Question With Answer About Turbine And Compressor In Process Plant 01.

Question With Answer About Turbine And Compressor In Process Plant.


The turbine is a mechanical device or mechanical mechanism that converts thermal energy to mechanical/kinetic energy. In Petrochemicals, Chemicals, Power Generation, Ammonia, Oil and Gas, and Manufacturing Industries, the steam turbine is used as the driving system or driver. Such as a steam turbine used to drive a  power generator in the power plant.

Already on my site Tech Process, there are already two topics related to What Is Compressor And Compression System? The Working Principle Of Compressor. and The Steam Turbine, And How It Works?  is discussed about compressors and turbines.

Let us today discuss some of the issues related to compressors and turbines I have shared with you and some of the knowledge I have gained from working on compressors and turbines that I have seen in real life.



# How many types of turbines have you seen or known about?

We usually see three types of turbines such as;

# What are the major parts of a turbine?

The major parts of a turbine are;

# Generally have some protective devices of a turbine;

  • Solenoid Valve,
  • Hand Trip Switch,
  • Pressure Reducing Valve,
  • Axial Displacement Trip,
  • Low Oil Pressure Trip,
  • Overspeed Trip.

# Well now, we see what is the difference between a turbine and a letdown valve.

Because turbines and letdown valves drop their downstream steam or fluid pressure and temperature.

In both cases, pressure and temperature are decreased downstream of the device. In the case of a turbine heat energy is transformed into mechanical energy and performs some work, but in the case of a letdown valve, no work is obtained expected to lose the energy.

# Since we are talking about Turbines and Compressors, Lube Oil, Emergency Oil, and Control Oil is an important issues. Which must reduce the friction of any types of rotating or moving parts and use lube oil as a cooling agent.

As an example, we can say, e.g. Lube oil systems and cooling oil systems are very important for turbines, pumps, wind turbines, air compressors, rotary compressors, rotary equipment, moving equipment, i.e. any type of moving and rotating equipment.

#What are the functions of Lube Oil, Emergency Oil, and Control Oil?

#Why overhead lube oil tank is used in a turbine?

=> The Lubricating Oil serves in part to create a film that lifts and supports the shaft and prevents it from coming into contact with the bearing walls. In part to cool the bearings and keep them at an acceptable temperature. A Lube oil overhead tank is used to supply Lube oil for the time being at the time when the lube oil header pressure became too low or Turbine And Compressor In Process Plant is tripped.

We maintain a continuous little flow to the lube oil overhead tank to maintain the desired temperature of lube oil and for keeping the freshness of the oil inside. So that it contains usable quality at the time, when lube oil will come down in the same way through the check valve under gravitational force to the oil headers, after tripping of the machine, due to too low header pressure to perform its lubrication work

=> The function of Emergency oil is to meet emergencies for the lack of lube oil in the normal Lube oil system. If any turbine or compressor is shut down due to low lube oil pressure. Then for the safety of the turbine or compressor and to keep the emergency lubrication system running, the emergency oil supply system is maintained through the emergency lube oil pump.

=> The function of Control Oil is to control the steam regulating valve of the turbine, with the aid of some controlling device in the Control Oil System. Also, maintain the speed of the turbine as per demand. It also serves to trip the machine with the help of some safety devices according to their predetermined set value. Control oil serves also to regulate the Sealing Steam, Control Oil also takes Part in the open-close mechanism of the Emergency Stop Valve (ESV) of the turbine.

Please take a look at the following links:

Question With Answer About Turbine And Compressor In Process Industries 02.

Question With Answer About Turbine And Compressor In Process Plant 01.

What Is Compressor And Compression System? Working Principle Of Compressor

What Is Strainer? Types of the strainer.

What Is Lubricant And Properties Of Lubricant?

The Steam Turbine, And How It Works?

What Is Rupture Disc, How Does It Work?

What is the Critical Point, Surge Point, Yield Point, Aniline Point, Triple Point, Triple Point Of Water, Melting Point, and Auto Ignition Point?

What Is Fire Point, Smoke Point, Freezing Point, Dew Point, Flash Point, Pour Point, Boiling Point, or Bubble Point?

Different Type Of Boilers. Boiler Operation And Operation Coefficient.

Pump Cavitation And Prevention.

Pumps & How It Works?

Centrifugal Pump & Troubleshooting.

Let’s Know About What Seal And Types Of Seals.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Types Of PPE.

Safety Measures Associated With Confined Space.

Explosion Hazard And How To Prevent It?

How To Prevent Fire Hazards In The Workplace?

Accident And Its Prevention In Work Place.

Occupational Hazard And Safety Requirements In Industries.

What Is Gas Hydrate? How To Prevent It?

What Is Filter Or Separator? Types Of Filters.

Let’s Know About Plumbing Fittings Or Pipe Fittings.

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